The Large Hadron Collider
built in a circular tunnel 27 km in circumference. The
tunnel is buried around 50 to 175 m. underground. It straddles
and French borders on the outskirts of Geneva.
The first beams were circulated successfully on 10th September 2008. Unfortunately on 19th September a serious fault developed damaging a number of superconducting magnets. The repair required a long technical intervention. The LHC beam did not see beam again before November 2009.
First collisions took place on 30th March 2010 with the rest of the year mainly devoted to commissioning. 2011 was the first production year with over 5 inverse femtobarns delivered to both ATLAS and CMS. 2012 started well with over 6 inverse femtobarns delivered by the time of the summer conferences - these data paved the way for the announcement of a/the Higgs on 4th July 2012.
The LHC is designed to
collide two counter rotating beams of protons or heavy ions. Proton-proton
collisions are foreseen at an energy of 7 TeV per beam.
- The beams will be stored at high energy for
time collisions take place
inside the four main LHC